North India refers to the set of states located on the non peninsular region of the republic of India. It includes Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. North India has been a bystander of some of the major historical and cultural development in India over the past 3500 years.

This region witnessed the evolution of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The sacred rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Yamuna along with numerous other rivers originate from the North. The Himalayas stretching from Himachal Pradesh to Arunachal Pradesh cut India off from the rest of Asia and safeguard the country. Another dominant geographical feature of Northern India is the vast Indo Gangetic plain.

North India has been the historical center of many great Empires including the Mauryas, Guptas, Mughals and the Indian Empires under British Rule. The region has witnessed some of the biggest battles fought on Indian land. Outstanding monuments mark different places of North India, reminding us of the many empires that have ruled this country.

New Delhi

The capital city unfolds history of about a thousand years in the form of architecture alone. It presents a unique blend of eras gone by with modern ways of living and an intermingling of religions in perfect harmony. The overall picture is rich with culture and human diversity in the environment of a green, eco-friendly landscape for the most part.

Places to see

Chandni Chowk, Asias largest distribution centre and the main market place since the time of the early Mughals; Rajpath, the main boulevard running down from the Presidents Estate through sprawling lawns towards India Gate; the war memorial and Parliament House; all designed by Lutyens and Baker; Rajghat and Gandhi Smriti, Mahatma Gandhis Memorial and Museum; Rail Museum; Nehru Museum; National Philatelic Museum; National Gallery of Modern Art and Crafts, and National Museum, showcasing handcrafted artifacts and evidence of a rich cultural past.

Jammu and Kashmir

Consists of three main regions. Kashmir Valley, the mountain retreat of the Mughals, described by King Jehangir as the Paradise on Earth has massive lakes and rivers, meadows laden with flowers and fruits, Chinar trees and Mughal Gardens. Ladakh, the land of Buddhists, a cold desert with some of the worlds highest mountains and most picturesque and rugged landscapes and Jammu, a region traversed by the Shivalik hills and quenched by the rivers Ravi, Tawi and Chenab.

Places to see

Srinagar -Delightful Houseboats on Dal Lake, Mughal Gardens in Shalimar and Nishat Bagh, Khardungla- the highest motorable road, Cheshmeshahi , Gulmarg - Meadow of Flowers, winter ski resort and golf course, Pahalgam, Sonmarg, Amarnath, Leh- Royal Palace, Gompas in and around Leh, Nubra Valley through Khardung La, the highest motorable road. Chemrey valley, Zanskar-white water rafting, Pangong Lake, Tso Moriri lake, Jammu-Amar Mahal, Patnitop.

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal is a beautiful hill state nestled in the western Himalayas. High-altitude mountainscapes with dense green deodar forests, apple orchards, terrace farms, snow-fed lakes and gushing rivers, make it a popular tourist destination for thrill seekers and honeymooners alike. Churches, palaces, magnificent residencies and other architectural structures are reminiscent of the Raj era.

Places to see

Shimla - summer capital of British India, Kufri, Narkanda-ski slopes, Chail with The Palace Hotel and the worlds highest cricket ground, Kullu, Manali, Manikaran, Great Himalayan National Park-Kullu, Rohtang Pass, Mandi, Rewalsar, Janjehli, Barot, Kangra Valley with majestic view of the Dhauladhar range, Dharamshala- McLeodganj "The Little Lhasa in India", Palampur, Dalhousie, Khajjiar, Chamba, Pangi Valley in Chamba districts, Rajgarh, Nahan, Kinnaur, Lahaul Spiti - Tabo, the oldest Buddhist monastery, Kaza- Ki Monastery, Pin Valley, Keylong

Uttar Pradesh

It is the bedrock of traditional culture and its history which goes back 4000 years. The world famous Taj Mahal, the Indo-Gangetic plains, the birthplace of many arts and crafts are all here. A trip through this state offers an endless view of architectural heritage sites.

Places to see

Agra - the city of the Taj, Allahabad - Confluence of three sacred rivers, Fatehpur Sikri - the first planned city built in Indo-Islamic Architecture, Braj-Bhoomi of Mathura, Vrindavan etc. - The land of Lord Krishna, Jhansi - The Gateway of Bundelkhand, Kapilvastu - birthplace of Lord Buddha, Lucknow - the city of Nawabs, Varanasi - erstwhile Banaras or Kashi - One of the oldest living spiritual cities, Sarnath, Shravasti, Sankisa, Kaushambi, Kapilvastu - Dotted with the glorious legacy of "Lord Buddha"

Rajasthan

This magical land brings to mind images of valour & chivalry, imposing landscapes & architecture, deep loyalties, rural sports, revelry, ornate jewellery, stunning handicrafts colourful attire, folk music and dance. All these in the backdrop of forts and palaces, rolling desert and aristocratic looking camels. The magic of vibrant Rajasthan-its heritage, culture, safaris, sand dunes, forests and wildlife-makes it a must visit destination.

Places to see

Jaipur, Ajmer, Pushkar- a hamlet around Brahama Temple & a holy lake, Bikaner, Bharatpur- Bird Sanctuary, Ranthambhore- Tiger Reserve, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Mount Abu, Udaipur.

Uttarkhand

Consists of the culturally distinct Garhwal and Kumaon regions. The sacred Ganges River which rises at Gaumukh Glacier, winds its way down to the plains. Misty mountain tops, snow peaks, rivers, waterfalls, lakes, glaciers, ancient temples attract trekkers, skiers and pilgrims. The foothills are home to the tiger and a variety of other wild life.

Places to see

The hill stations of Mussoorie and Nainital attract tourists around the year. Ranikhet, Almora, Kausani, Mukteshwar -in the Kumaon hills. Uttarkashi, Rishikesh and Haridwar in the Garhwal hills, Dehradun, Chamoli, Pithoragarh.

Punjab

Punjab, which means "five waters", because of the five rivers that run through it, is known as the "Granary of India". It is a land of great Gurus, and is infused with evidences of mythology, culture and history in monuments like the Golden Temple.

Places to see

Amritsar - Golden Temple and Jallianwala Bagh, Chandigarh - a modern city designed by the world famous town planner Le Corbusier, Anandpur Sahib, Faridkot, Wagah Border.

Haryana

Haryana, surrounds Delhi on three sides. The Shivaliks, a thin strip of low mountains, are to the north and Rajasthan is to the south and west. It is the birthplace of an ancient civilization where the scriptures of the Vedas were written and Lord Krishna engaged in battle at Kurukshetra. The 5000 year old history reflects itself in monuments, landscapes and places of worship.

Places to see

Kurukshetra, Surajkund - an ancient lake with historical and religious significance. Thanesar, Panchkula, Jyotisar, Panipat, Badkhal Lake, Pinjore, Mughal Gardens.

Chandigarh

Chandigarh is one of the best-planned cities in India having been designed by the famous town planner and architect, Le Corbusier. Its world renowned architecture and an unparalleled quality of life never fail to attract people from all over the world. It is the capital of both Haryana and Punjab.

Places to see

Rock garden- World acclaimed Rock Garden is unique to the city. The fantasy garden created by Nek Chand consists of art objects, crafted from industrial and urban waste, Leisure Valley, Sukhna Lake, Botanical Garden - with a myriad species of plants, Zakir Hussain Rose garden.

The best time to visit North India is generally between August to March as the weather is pleasant. More specific information is provided herebelow -

New Delhi and surrounding areas

Summer: March to June
Monsoon: July to September
Autumn : October to mid-November
Winter: End of November to February

Jammu and Kashmir

Summer: April to July
Monsoon: July to September
Winter : October to January
Severe Winter: January to March

Himachal Pradesh

Summer: April to June
Monsoon: June to September
Autumn : October to mid-November
Winter: November to mid-March

Uttar Pradesh

Summer: March to June
Monsoon: July to September
Autumn : October to mid-November
Winter: November to February

Rajasthan

Summer: April to June
Monsoon: July to September
Autumn : October to November
Winter: December to March

Uttarakhand

Summer: March to June
Monsoon: July to September
Winter: November to March

Punjab

Summer: April to June
Monsoon: July to September
Winter: October to March

Haryana

Summer: April to July
Monsoon: July to September
Autumn: October to November
Winter: December to February

Chandigarh

Summer: March to mid-July
Monsoon: July to September
Autumn: October to November
Winter: November to February

Also many fairs & festivals are held during these months.



New Delhi and surrounding areas

By Air: Indira Gandhi International Airport connects Delhi to all important international airports and the vast domestic network.
By Rail: One of the largest rail networks in the world, Delhi is hub for Luxury trains like Palace-on-Wheels, Fairy Queen, and the Royal Orient. Fast and well-serviced trains like Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express connect New Delhi to many important destinations in India.
By Road: Some of the finest Highways •hm and Express ways pass through the Capital connecting it with the rest of ^ India. Buses can be taken from the three Inter State Bus Terminals (ISBT), at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale Khan and Anand Vihar

Jammu and Kashmir

By Air: International Airport at Srinagar. Domestic Airport at Jammu and Leh.
By Rail: Jammu Tawi is an important railhead of Northern India. Malwa Express, Super Fast, Jammu Mail, Jammu Express, Jammu-Udhampur Train and Shalimar Express are some important trains you can catch.
By Road: National Highway, 1-A, connects Srinagar with Jammu (300 kms). Rest of the state too has motorable roads.

Himachal Pradesh

By Air: Shimla Domestic Airport, Bhuntar (Kullu) Domestic Airport, Kangra Domestic Airport.
By Rail: Kalka (90kms away) is the most important Railway Station and the Toy Train connects it to Shimla.
By Road: The state has very good road connectivity within the state and to other major cities of North India.

Uttar Pradesh

By Air: The state has five domestic airports: Agra, Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, and Varanasi.
By Rail: An extensive network and many important trains like Shatabdi, Taj Express, Rajdhani Express and the Intercity Express make travel by rail easy.
By Road: An extensive road network covers the state thoroughly. National Highways 2, 25, 26, 27, 29, and 45 and a number of State Highways run through the state.

Rajasthan

By Air: The State has 3 major airports -Namely - Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur.
By Rail: Almost all tourist destinations are well connected by rail. The best way to experience the royalty of Rajasthan is to travel by luxury tourist trains "Palace On Wheels" and "Royal Rajasthan On Wheels".
By Road: A well laid network of National and State Highways covers the state extensively

Uttarakhand

By Air: The Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun.
By Rail: The key Railway Stations in the state are Dehradun, Haridwar and Kathgodam. Many super-fast express and passenger (local) trains connect these locations with cities in other parts of India.
By Road: Uttarakhand has a wide-ranging road network covering the state.

Punjab

By Air: Amritsar (International Airport), Ludhiana, Pathankot Airport.
By Rail: Super-fast Shatabdi Express trains.
By Road: State Highways connect major cities to the state capital. NH 1 or the Grand Trunk Road connects the state with most of the north as well as east India.

Haryana

By Air: The main airport of the state is in its capital Chandigarh. It is well connected with the cities of North India.
By Rail: The state is well connected by railway. There are many railway routes crossing through Haryana like Amritsar to Delhi, Rewari to Ahmedabad, Kalka to Jodhpur, Delhi to Shimla and Bhiwani to Rohtak
By Road: Some parts of the state are within the National Capital Region and are at a short driving distance from Delhi.

Chandigarh

By Air: Chandigarh has an airport just 11 kms away from the City Centre.
By Rail: Chandigarh Railway Station is about 8 kms from the City Centre. Important trains like the Shatabdi Express and the Himalayan Queen serve the city on a regular basis.
By Road: The city boasts of an excellent road-network. It is also conveniently located within motorable distance from a number of major cities of North India. National Highways 21 and 22 run through the city.

Please click on the following links to access the respective state government websites

Delhi

Haryana

Himachal Pradesh

Jammu & Kashmir

Punjab

Rajasthan

Uttarakhand

Uttar Pradesh