Amritsar, literally a Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar, the holy tank that surrounds the splendid Golden Temple. Guru Ramdas, the fourth Guru of the Sikh faith, founded Amritsar in 1579. He constructed a pool on land gifted by the Mughal Emperor Akbar and called it Amritsar.

Home to the world famous Golden Temple, the 400-year-old city of Amritsar is the most important seat of Sikh history and culture.

One of the most poignant memorials of free India -- Jallianwala Bagh – is also located in the city. Amritsar district was once a part of the vast area covered by the Indus valley Civilisation during the early period of history.

Best time to visit Amritsar is in the winter, between October and March

Temperature:
Summer: 42 – 23 C Winter: 24 - 1 C

Rainfall:
59.2 cm

AIR:
The Rajasansi airport, about 11 km from city centre, is connected by domestic flights to Delhi, Srinagar and Chandigarh.

TRAIN:
Amritsar is connected by rail with major cities in India.

ROAD:
Amritsar is connected by bus with:
• Agra 643 km
• Chandigarh 235 km
• Delhi 435 km
• Ferozpur 160 km
• Jalandhar 80 km
• Jammu 219 km
• Kolkata 1850 km
• Kullu 389 km
• Ludhiana 137 km
• Pathankot 111 km
• Srinagar 515 km
• Wagah Border 29 km